Coherence of the Metaphor of God's Armor in Ephesians 6:10-20 and Its Implications for the Theological Construction of Spiritual Warfare

Selvester Melanton Tacoy


Paul in Ephesians 6:10-20 uses the metaphor of God's armour to explain the spiritual warfare believers face. Of course, the metaphors that Paul put forward are full of meaning based on the context of life at that time in which the life of the people in Ephesus and Asia Minor, in general, had a relationship with the worship of the gods. Using the grammatical-historical method, the writer found that the metaphor of the armour of God that Paul put forward in Ephesians 6:10-20 also has coherence (connectedness, unity) of meanings, ideas, and ideas between these metaphors. This coherence will contribute to efforts to build the theological construction of spiritual warfare and the life practices of believers to face spiritual warfare.


Armor of God; Ephesians 6:10-20; metaphor; spiritual warfare; theological construction

Full Text:



Abineno, C. H. Pemberitaan Firman Allah Pada Hari Khusus. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 1981.

Arnold, Clinton E. Ephesians. Michigan: Zondervan, 2010.

Arnold, Clinton E. Power of Darkness: Principalities & Powers in Pauls’s Letters. Illinois: InterVarsity Press, 1992.

Barton, Bruce B., and Philip W. Comfort. Ephesians. Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., 1996.

Baugh, S. M. Ephesians. Bellingham: Lexham Press, 2016.

Beilby, James K., and Paul Rhodes Eddy. Understanding Spiritual Warfare Four Views. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2012.

Boles, James K. Galatians & Ephesians. Joplin, Mo.: College Press, 1993.

Chamblin, J. Knox. Paulus Dan Diri-Ajaran Rasuli Bagi Keutuhan Pribadi. Surabaya: Momentum, 2011.

Danker, Frederick William. A Greek - English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Fanning, Don. “Strategic Level Spiritual Warfare.” The Center for Global Ministries, 2008.

Foulkes, Francis. Ephesians: An Introduction and Commentary. England: InterVarsity Press, 1989.

Friberg, Timothy, Barbara Friberg, and Neva F. Miller. Analytical Lexicon of the Greek New Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 2000.

Habamenshi, Védaste, Quinet Obed Niyikiza, Sébastien Gasana, and Sebastien Gasana. “Deliverance, a Spiritual Battle against the Power of Darkness: The Context of Christian Churches in Rwanda.” International Journal of CHUR Research Academy (IJCHURA) 1, Special Issue (December 1, 2018): 89–127.

Hammond, Thomas, and Steve Wilkes. “Church Conflict/Church Growth.” Journal of the American Society for Church Growth 19, no. 1 (2008): 1–10.

Hoehner, Harold W. Ephesians: An Exegetical Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2002.

Ing, Richard. Spiritual Warfare. New Kensington: Whitaker House, 1996.

Jakes, T. D. Overcoming the Enemy. Bloomington, Minnesota: Bethany House Publisher, 2000.

Janzen, Gerald. “Divine Warfare and Nonresistance.” Direction 32, no. 1 (2003): 21–31.

Kalpokas, Ignas. A Political Theory of Post-Truth. Switzerland: Palgrave Macmilan, 2009.

Keyes, R. The Post-Truth Era: Dishonesty and Deception in Contemporary Life. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2004.

Kraft, Charles H. I Give You Authority. Minnesota: Chosen, 2018.

Lincoln, Andrew T. Ephesians, Vol. 42: Word Biblical Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2017.

Lowe, Chuck. Roh-Roh Teritorial Dan Penginjilan. Surabaya: ANDI, 2010.

MacArthur, John. The Believer’s Armor. Chicago: Moody Press, 1986.

Mair, J. “Post-Truth Anthropology.” Anthropology Today 33, no. 3 (2017): 3–4.

Morris, Leon. Teologi Perjanjian Baru. Malang: Gandum Mas, 2014.

Netland, Harold. Encountering Religious Pluralism: Tantangan Bagi Iman Dan Misi Kristen. Malang: SAAT, 2015.

Neufeld, Thomas R. Yoder. Ephesians. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 2001.

O’Brien, Peter T. Surat Efesus. Surabaya: Momentum, 2013.

Osborne, Grant R. Spiral Hermeneutika: Pengantar Komprehensif Bagi Penafsiran Alkitab. Translated by Elifas Gani. Surabaya: Momentum, 2012.

Patzia, Arthur G. New International Biblical Commentary: Ephesians, Colossians, Philemon. Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publisher, 1990.

Porter, Stanley E., and Beth M. Sytovell. Biblical Hermeneutics. Illinois: IVP Academic, 2012.

Prince, Derek. Spiritual Warfare. Kensington: Whitaker House, 1998.

Robinson, James. Memenangkan Perang. Jakarta: Immanuel, 1992.

Roebert, Ed. Peperangan Rohani. Yogyakarta: ANDI, 2008.

Ruck, John. Jemaat Misioner. Jakarta: Yayasan Komunikasi Bina Kasih, 1997.

Stott, John. Efesus. Jakarta: Yayasan Komunikasi Bina Kasih/OMF, 2013.

Sutanto, Hasan. Hermeneutik: Prinsip Dan Metode Penafsiran Alkitab. Malang: Literatur SAAT, 2002.

Swindoll, Charles. Swindoll’s Living Insights: New Testament Commentary Galatians-Ephesians. Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., 2015.

Thielman, Frank. Ephesians. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2010.

Wiersbe, Warren W. Strategi Setan. Yogyakarta: ANDI, 2010.

Witherington III, Ben. The Letters to Philemon, the Colossians, and the Ephesians: A Socio-Retorical Commentary on the Captivity Epistles. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2007.

Zuck, Roy B. A Biblical Theology of the New Testament. Malang: Gandum Mas, 2011.

viewed = 0 times

Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Jaffray

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Lisensi Creative Commons
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

pISSN 1829-9474
eISSN 2407-4047

Copyright © Jurnal Jaffray 2014-2023