The Effects of Parenting Style and Adolescent Character on Adolescent Spirituality During The Pandemic

Lidia Susanti, Candra Tarigan

Abstract


Parenting adolescents during the pandemic is a considerably challenging endeavour. The parenting style of families constitutes a crucial factor in the shaping of adolescent characters and spirituality. Family is primary socialization through which adolescents develop their character and spirituality. Parenting patterns in adolescents have a significant impact on their personality and spirituality. This is evidenced in the love of God. This research employed an ex post facto design. The results revealed that parenting styles families adopted during the pandemic impacted adolescent characters and spirituality. The data analysis showed an interaction between parenting style variables and adolescent characters and the spirituality of Batak adolescents indicated by the R square value of 97.1%.


Keywords


parenting; adolescent character; adolescent spirituality

Full Text:

PDF

References


Asnawan, Asnawan. “Exploring Education Character Thought of Ki Hajar Dewantara and Thomas Lickona.” International Journal on Advanced Science, Education, and Religion 3, no. 3 (2020): 164–174.

Brandstetter, Susanne, Tanja Poulain, Mandy Vogel, Christof Meigen, Michael Melter, Birgit Seelbach-Göbel, Christian Apfelbacher, Wieland Kiess, Michael Kabesch, and Antje Körner. “The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Families in Germany.” medRxiv (2020): 1–17.

Chung, Ellen, Geetha Subramaniam, and Laura Christ Dass. “Online Learning Readiness among University Students in Malaysia amidst Covid-19.” Asian Journal of University Education 16, no. 2 (2020): 45–58.

Cohen, Louis, Lawrence Manion, and Keith Morrison. Research Methods in Education. Research Methods in Education. New York: Routledge, 2017.

Costigan, Catherine, Joelle Taknint, and Sheena Miao. “Parenting and Families in the United States and Canada.” In Handbook on Positive Development of Minority Children and Youth, 2017.

Dalmeri, Dalmeri. “Pendidikan Untuk Pengembangan Karakter (Telaah Terhadap Gagasan Thomas Lickona Dalam Educating for Character).” Al-Ulum: Jurnal Studi Islam 14, no. 1 (2014): 269–288.

Ebrahimi, Elham, and Afsane Farouee Firoozi. “The Impacts of Parenting Style and Perceived Childhood Attachment on Children’s Concept of God.” Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 13, no. 1 (2019): 1–5.

Enjang. Wahyuningrum, Suryanto, D. Retno. “Parenting in Digital Era: A Systematic Literature Review.” Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology 9, no. 3 (2020): 226–258.

Gadermann, Anne C., Kimberly C. Thomson, Chris G. Richardson, Monique Gagné, Corey Mcauliffe, Saima Hirani, and Emily Jenkins. “Examining the Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Family Mental Health in Canada: Findings from a National Cross-Sectional Study.” BMJ Open 11, no. 1 (2021): 1–11.

Kim, Sungwon. “Development and Validation of a Scale for Christian Character Assessment of University Students.” Religions 8, no. 5 (2017): 1–10.

Leedy, P D, and J E Ormrod. Practical Research Planning and Design 11th Edition. Pearson. Vol. 6, 2015.

Mahoney, Annette, Michelle LeRoy, Katherine Kusner, Emily Padgett, and Lisa Grimes. “Addressing Parental Spirituality as Part of the Problem and Solution in Family Psychotherapy.” In Spiritual Interventions in Child and Adolescent Psychotherapy., 65–88, 2012.

Natalia Ajayi, Maria, Gerisho Kirika, and Johnson Mavole. “Traditional Healing Practices and Holistic Health: The Implication for Christian Families in South West Region of Nigeria.” Journal of Family Medicine and Health Care 5, no. 4 (2019): 50–58.

Ndruru, Sokhiziduhu. “Pentingnya Pendidikan Agama Kristen Dalam Keluarga Sebagai Sentral Belajar Yang Bermisi.” Voice of HAMI: Jurnal Teologi dan Pendidikan Agama Kristen 2, no. 1 (2019): 32–44.

Nuhamara, Daniel. “Pengutamaan Dimensi Karakter Dalam Pendidikan Agama Kristen.” Jurnal Jaffray 16, no. 1 (2018): 93–115.

Özgür, Hasan. “The Relationship between Internet Parenting Styles and Internet Usage of Children and Adolescents.” Computers in Human Behavior 60 (2016): 411–424.

Priyatna, Novel. “A Guide To Christian Spiritual Formation: How Scripture, Spirit, Community, And Mission Shape Our Souls. By Evan B. Howard.” Polyglot: Jurnal Ilmiah 16, no. 1 (2020): 5–21.

Rahayu, Maria Dewi, and Siti Amanah. “Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Pola Asuh Anak Pada Keluarga Etnis Minang, Jawa Dan Batak.” Journal of Parenting 6, no. 2 (2008): 1–9.

Rahmat, Stephanus Turibius. “Pola Asuh Yang Efektif Untuk Mendidik Anak Di Era Digital.” Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Missio 10, no. 2 (2018): 143.

Rahmiati Tanudjaja. Spiritualitas Kristen Dan Apologetika Kristen. Pertama. MALANG: Literatur SAAT, 2018.

Reid, Carly A.Y., Lynne D. Roberts, Clare M. Roberts, and Jan P. Piek. “Towards a Model of Contemporary Parenting: The Parenting Behaviours and Dimensions Questionnaire.” PLoS ONE 10, no. 6 (2015): 1–23.

Salim, Rose Mini Agoes, and Shahnaz Safitri. “Parents as Teachers: The Influence of Internal and External Factors on Parenting Style Differences.” Jurnal Psikologi Teori dan Terapan 10, no. 2 (2020): 95–104.

Shaw, Perry W. H. “Parenting That Reflects the Character of GOD.” Christian Education Journal: Research on Educational Ministry 13, no. 1 (2016): 43–58.

Siahaan, Christa, and Djoys Anneke Rantung. “Peran Orangtua Sebagai Pendidik Dan Pembentuk Karakter Spiritualitas Remaja.” Jurnal Shanan 3, no. 2 (2019): 95–114.

Sidjabat, B. S. Membesarkan Anak Dengan Kreatif. Yogyakarta: Andi, 2008.

Sidjabat, Binsen Samuel. “Kerangka Kurikulum Pendidikan Agama Kristen Berbasis Karakter Di Perguruan Tinggi.” Jurnal Jaffray 17, no. 1 (2019): 73–90.

Sugiyarto, Sugiyarto. “Menyimak (Kembali) Integrasi Budaya Di Tanah Batak Toba.” Endogami: Jurnal Ilmiah Kajian Antropologi 1, no. 1 (2017): 34–41.

Teo, Wilson. “Christian Spiritual Formation.” Emerging Leadership Journeys 10, no. 1 (2017): 138–150.

Vafaeenejad, Zahra, Fourozan Elyasi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, and Zohreh Shahhosseini. “Psychological Factors Contributing to Parenting Styles: A Systematic Review.” F1000Research 7, no. 906 (2019): 1–19.

Yu, Lu, and Daniel Tan Lei Shek. “Positive Youth Development Attributes and Parenting as Protective Factors Against Adolescent Social Networking Addiction in Hong Kong.” Frontiers in Pediatrics 9 (2021): 1–13.

Yuliawati, Livia, and Bhaktiar Sihombing. “Membangun Karakter.” Jurnal teologi reformasi indonesia 4, no. 1 (2014): 19–28.

Yust, Karen Marie. “Cultivating Christians: North American Family Cultures and Religious Identity Formation.” International Journal of Children’s Spirituality 22, no. 3–4 (2017): 260–273.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25278/jj.v19i2.599
Abstract viewed = 0 times | PDF downloaded = 0 times




Lisensi Creative Commons
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

pISSN 1829-9474
eISSN 2407-4047

Copyright © Jurnal Jaffray 2014-2021